Indian Journal of Critical Care Case Report

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( July-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Severe Pulmonary Hemorrhage Syndrome in Leptospirosis: An Uncommon but Emerging Presentation

Amit Kumar, Shweta Tanwar, Rajesh Chetiwal

Keywords : Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Leptospirosis, Weil's disease

Citation Information : Kumar A, Tanwar S, Chetiwal R. Severe Pulmonary Hemorrhage Syndrome in Leptospirosis: An Uncommon but Emerging Presentation. 2022; 1 (1):26-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11006-0010

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Pulmonary hemorrhage leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the grave manifestations of severe leptospirosis. In recent years there has been an increase in the incidence of severe pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome (SPHS) in leptospirosis cases due to the emergence of more virulent strain. This report presents a case of leptospirosis complicated by SPHS. In the Indian scenario, where the range of differential diagnoses of acute febrile illness is very wide, it is prudent to keep a high level of clinical suspicion to prevent the progression to a more severe and fatal illness.

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